Applied RNAi: From Fundamental Research to Therapeutic Applications

English | 2014 | ISBN: 1908230436 | 262 Pages | PDF | 9,7 MB


English | 2014 | ISBN: 1908230436 | 262 Pages | PDF | 9,7 MB
Since the discovery of RNA interference (RNAi) in 1998, research on the topic has advanced at an impressive pace. Small RNAs and, in particular, micro RNAs (miRNAs) play a fundamental role in gene regulation through the activation of RNAi. Detailed insights into the mechanisms of RNAi have led to an improved understanding of gene regulation in normal and disease states, and thereby enabled the exploitation of RNAi for a variety of applications. In this book, an international panel of RNAi experts critically reviews the most interesting advances in basic applied RNAi research, highlighting the applications in RNAi-based therapies and discussing the technical hurdles that remain. Topics covering the fundamental biological aspects of applied RNAi research include: the role of miRNAs in trinucleotide repeat disorders * miRNAs and HIV pathogenesis * miRNAs for epigenetic gene silencing * the role of miRNAs in virus-related cancers * non-canonical miRNA biogenesis. In the area of RNAi-based therapy, topics include: harnessing RNAi for the treatment of viral infections * optimizing the design of exogenous RNAi activators * blocking miRNA function with synthetic agents * somatic cell reprogramming * high-content miRNA-based screening tools * the use of miRNA target sites for control of transgene expression. The book will be essential reading for everyone involved in RNAi research, drug discovery and delivery, biomedical engineering, and biomaterials. [Subject: Molecular Biology, Genomics, Life Science]

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